Black Boxes that Curtail Human Flourishing are no Longer Available for Use in Artificial Intelligence (AI) Design

  • John W. Murphy
  • Carlos Largacha-Martinez
Keywords: dualism, artificial intelligence, explainability, linguistic turn, anti-dualism


AI is considered to be very abstract to a range of critics. In this regard, algorithms are referred to regularly as black boxes and divorced from human intervention. A particular philosophical maneuver supports this outcome. The aim of this article is to (1) bring the philosophy to the surface that has contributed to this distance between AI and people and (2) offer an alternative philosophical position that can bring this technology closer to individuals and communities. The overall goal of the analysis in this paper is the humanising of AI by addressing the shortcomings of conceptualising algorithms as black boxes.