Effects of parabolic barrier design for multiple GaAsBi/AlGaAs quantum well structures

  • M. Jokubauskaitė
  • G. Petrusevičius
  • A. Špokas
  • B. Čechavičius
  • E. Dudutienė
  • R. Butkutė
Keywords: GaAsBi, parabolic quantum wells, molecular beam epitaxy, photoluminescence, laser diode, near infrared


The results of a comparative study on how the design of multiple quantum structures containing a parabolic barrier profile affects optical properties are presented. All quantum well (QW) structures were grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on semi-insulating GaAs substrates. The investigated samples consisted of (i) double parabolic quantum wells (type A) or (ii) multiple (two or three) rectangular quantum wells surrounded by parabolic barriers (type B). The optical quality of samples was characterized performing room-temperature (RT-PL) and temperaturedependent photoluminescence (TD-PL) measurements. The investigation aimed at the optimization of a multiple quantum well (MQW) structure design for application in the gain region of near infrared (NIR) laser diodes (LDs) revealed benefits of both double parabolic quantum wells and a mixed design (rectangular MQW with parabolic barriers). The PL band position for all samples was registered in the vicinity around 1.19 eV, which corresponds to the Bi content in QW of ~4.4%. It was shown that all structures of type A exhibit an intense emission, while the intensity of photoluminescence measured for the samples of type B depends on the number of QWs. The weaker intensity of the PL signal from two QWs inserted between parabolic barriers was explained by a larger point defect density at low temperature grown inner GaAs barriers. The room-temperature PL intensity of the structure with three GaAsBi QWs embedded in one parabolic AlGaAs barrier was the highest one. The shift of PL peak position to lower energies (1.16 eV) was attributed to the slightly higher bismuth concentration, 4.9%.