Investigation of blur kernel of terahertz images

  • V. Abramova
  • S. Abramov
  • V. Lukin
  • I. Grigelionis
  • L. Minkevičius
  • G. Valušis
Keywords: terahertz imaging, image deblurring, blur kernel estimation


The paper discusses issues of digital processing of terahertz images. It is shown that despite the improvement of the hardware part of imaging setups, the acquired images still often have a low resolution and suffer from noise and blurring effects. Thus, to improve their visual quality, it is advisable to use special digital processing methods. While some progress has already been made in terms of denoising of terahertz images, the research of their deblurring is only at the very early stage. Therefore, this paper attempts to analyze the properties of blur functions for real terahertz images to further use them while designing a corresponding deblurring technique. For this purpose, the phase-only image method has been used. A study of blur properties for the three most common blur types (defocus, motion and Gaussian blur) has shown that for test images they can be distinguished and their main parameters can be assessed. However, the application of this method to real terahertz images has shown that the blur characteristics in them are very different from the ones obtained for modelled examples. The real blur demonstrates a quite complex behaviour and estimating its kernel requires additional research.