Crossover between ferroelectric order and dipolar glass disorder in betaine phosphate0.06 betaine phosphite0.94 mixed crystals

  • J. Banys
  • J. Macutkevic
  • C. Klimm
  • G. Völkel
Keywords: dielectric permittivity, ferroelectrics, distribution of relaxation times


The dielectric properties of mixed betaine phosphate0.06 betaine phosphite0.94 (BP0.06BPI0.94) ferroelectric crystals were investigated in a wide frequency range from 20 Hz to 3 GHz. Although the dielectric anomaly is clearly observed close to the ferroelectric phase transition temperature Tc = 121 K, the dielectric dispersion is very broad around and below this temperature. Temperature dependences of the dielectric strength, the mean relaxation frequency and the spontaneous polarization cannot be described together according to the Landau theory for ferroelectric phase transition with a single order parameter or according to the quasione-dimensional Ising model. The polarization shows a pronounced distribution in the ferroelectric phase and only a partial ordering of hydrogen atoms occurs down to the lowest temperatures. The unordered hydrogen atoms form a glassy phase and its formation is observed in dielectric spectra at very low temperatures. The proton freezing temperature was estimated.
Ferroelectrics and Superconductors