A novel method for the formation of bioceramic nano-calcium hydroxyapatite coatings using sol-gel and dissolution-precipitation processing
The wet chemistry route has been developed to prepare calcium hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, (HA)) thin films on a silicon substrate using the novel low-temperature sol-gel and dissolution-precipitation approach. The calcium carbonate thin films on the silicon substrate were obtained by spin-coating technique when substrates were repeatedly coated with 10, 20 and 30 layers of sol-gel solution. The composites formed of crystalline and amorphous CaCO3 were obtained by calcination of the coatings for different time at 600°C. A dissolution-precipitation procedure was used for the preparation of calcium hydroxyapatite thin films on silicon substrate at 80°C. The obtained synthesis products were characterised by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy.