The impact of organic manure and nano-inorganic fertilizers on the growth, yield and oil content of sunflowers under well-watered conditions

Mohsen Janmohammadi, Akbar Seifi, Mokhtar Pasandi, Naser Sabaghnia

Abstract


The sunflower is the third most important source of edible oil and accounts for about 14% of world production of seed oils. Although the  sunflower is well adapted to semi-arid regions, low soil fertility and nutrients deficiencies are important yield-limiting factors for sunflower production. The current experiment was carried out to study the effects of farmyard manure (zero (M1), 20 (M2) t ha−1) and nanostructured fertilizers (Mn, Fe, Zn ) on the agronomical traits, yield and yield components of the common sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). The  experiment was conducted during 2015–2016 growing seasons at a research field in Maragheh in the  north-western part of Iran. Application of farmyard manure significantly improved such agronomic traits as plant height, leaf area, the number of leaves, the internode length, the stem diameter, the diameter of the branch head, the number of branches, the  length of branches, achene length and achene width, the main capitulum diameter, 100-achene weight, oil content in an achene compared with non-manure condition. Results revealed that plants grown under M2 showed earlier flowering and possessed a higher chlorophyll concentration in leaves. Moreover, application of nano-chelated Zn and Fe considerably decreased the proportion of empty achenes and increased oil concentration, the achene yield and the harvest index. However, the best performance was obtained by combined application of nano-chelated Zn under manure conditions. The findings pointed to the importance of micronutrient deficiencies and balanced nutrition in this area. The  overall results show that the  integrated application of organic manure and nano-chelated micronutrients are more effective in improving the yield of sunflowers in semiarid production systems.

Keywords


achene yield; agronomic traits; farmyard manure; nanosized micronutrients; zinc oxide

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6001/biologija.v62i4.3410

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ISSN 1392-0146 (Print)
ISSN 2029-0578 (Online)